Marungko Approach In Reading: Mastering Reading for Young Learners

Marungko Approach In ReadingThe Marungko Approach is a popular method for teaching reading in the early stages of education. It’s designed to help young learners, especially those below 14 years old, grasp the basics of reading in an easy and effective way. In this article, we’ll dive deep into what the Marungko style of reading is, its five stages, strategies, and more. We’ll also provide examples and resources to help educators and parents implement this approach.

What is the Marungko Style of Reading?

The Marungko style of reading is a phonetic approach that focuses on teaching children to read by breaking down words into their smallest units of sound, known as phonemes. This method emphasizes the importance of recognizing and mastering the sounds of the letters and letter combinations in the alphabet. By understanding these sounds, children can blend them together to form words, making reading a more manageable and enjoyable task.

What are the 5 Stages of the Marungko Approach?

The Marungko Approach is divided into five stages, each building on the skills developed in the previous stage:

  1. Preparation Stage: Children are introduced to the basic concepts of reading, such as holding a book correctly and understanding that text conveys a message.
  2. Letter Recognition Stage: Learners are taught to recognize and name the letters of the alphabet, both in their uppercase and lowercase forms.
  3. Sound Recognition Stage: This stage focuses on associating each letter with its corresponding sound.
  4. Blending Stage: Children learn to blend individual sounds together to form simple words.
  5. Reading Stage: Finally, learners apply their knowledge of letters and sounds to read sentences and short texts.

What is the Marungko Approach Strategy?

The Marungko Approach strategy involves several key techniques:

  • Phonemic Awareness: Teaching children to recognize and manipulate the sounds in words.
  • Sequential Learning: Introducing letters and sounds in a specific order, usually starting with the most common and easiest to pronounce.
  • Repetition and Practice: Providing ample opportunities for children to practice reading and writing the letters and sounds.
  • Use of Visual and Auditory Aids: Incorporating charts, flashcards, and audio recordings to reinforce learning.
  • Contextual Learning: Encouraging children to apply their reading skills in real-life situations, such as reading labels, signs, and simple books.

What are the Letters in the Marungko Approach?

The Marungko Approach typically starts with the vowels (A, E, I, O, U) and then introduces consonants in a specific order, often beginning with those that are easiest to pronounce, such as M, S, P, and T. The exact order may vary depending on the program or educator, but the goal is to gradually build up the child’s ability to read and form words.

Resources for the Marungko Approach

For educators and parents looking to implement the Marungko Approach, there are various resources available:

  • Marungko Approach in Reading PDF: This document provides a comprehensive overview of the approach, including detailed instructions and examples.
  • Marungko Reading Materials English PDF: These materials offer practice exercises and reading passages designed specifically for learners using the Marungko Approach.
  • Marungko Approach in Reading Example: Examples can be found in textbooks, online resources, and educational websites that demonstrate how to apply the approach in teaching reading.

Steps in Teaching the Marungko Approach

Teaching the Marungko Approach involves a systematic process:

  1. Introduce the Alphabet: Start with the vowels and move on to consonants, focusing on their sounds.
  2. Teach Blending: Once children are familiar with the letter sounds, teach them how to blend these sounds to form words.
  3. Practice Reading: Provide simple reading materials that align with the letters and sounds learned.
  4. Encourage Writing: Alongside reading, encourage children to write the letters and words they are learning.
  5. Reinforce Learning: Use games, songs, and activities to reinforce the concepts and make learning fun.


The Marungko Approach in Reading is an effective method for teaching young children to read. By focusing on phonemic awareness, sequential learning, and practical application, this approach provides a solid foundation for developing reading skills. With the right resources and strategies, educators and parents can successfully implement the Marungko Approach and help children become confident and proficient readers.

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